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OFFICIAL LANGUAGE Technical

Technical
In order to facilitate the use of Official Language with the help of Mechanical and Electronic equipment, especially computers, a Technical Cell was set up in the Department of Official Language in October 1983. The main activities of the Cell are as under:

  • Development of “Language application tools” – Under this programme LILA Rajbhasha, a self-learning package through the medium of Bangla, English, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu has been developed, MANTRA Rajbhasha, an aid tool for English to Hindi translation has also been developed
  • Organising computer training programmes in Hindi – Every year around 100 training programmes are conducted to impart training for the use of Hindi on computers
  • Organising exhibitions and seminars on bilingual computing – Technical seminars are held to help the users and manufacturers come face to face to discuss the use of Hindi software, etc.

The Department of Official Language has now set up its portal language.

Publications
The Department of Official Language brings out ‘Rajbhasha Bharati’, a quarterly magazine, dedicated for encouraging writings in the field of Official Language, literature, technology, information technology, etc., in Hindi and also to give wide publicity to the efforts being made in different Central Government Offices for the use and propagation of Official Language Hindi. So far 112 issues of Rajbhasha Bharati have been published. Likewise, Annual Programme for implementation of the Official Language policy is brought out every year. Annual Assessment Report regarding the use of Official Language in different Ministries/Departments and offices of the Central Government/Public Sector Undertakings, etc., is also brought out every year and laid on the tables of both the houses of Parliament. Official Language Manual, Calendars, Films, Posters, etc., are also brought out to give information regarding the activities relating to propagation and progressive use of Hindi as the Official Language.

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Official Language Training

Training
Under the Hindi Teaching Scheme, administered by the Department of Official Language, training in Hindi language is being imparted through 119 full-time and 49 part-time centres throughout the country. Likewise, training in Hindi Stenography and Hindi Typing is being provided through 23 full-time and 38 part-time centres. Thus, training in Hindi is being provided in 229 centres located in different parts of the country. Five Regional Offices of Hindi Teaching Scheme at Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai and Guwahati are providing academic and administrative support to the Hindi Teaching Scheme in the East, West, North-Central, South and North-East Regions. To fulfill the increasing demand of Hindi training of North Eastern region a new Regional Headquarter has been established at Guwahati and new Hindi training centres have been established at Imphal, Aizwal and Agartala.

The Kendriya Hindi Prashikshan Sansthan was established on 31 August 1985, as a subordinate office of the Department of Official Language, with the objective of providing Hindi Training through condensed courses in Hindi language/typing and stenography as also training through correspondence in Hindi language and Hindi Typewriting. Its sub-institutes were opened in Mumbai, Kolkata and Bangalore in 1988 and in Chennai and Hyderabad in 1990. Training of Hindi typing on computers is being imparted at almost all the typing/stenography centres in the country.

The Central Translation Bureau was set up in March 1971 for translation of different types of non-statutory literature, manuals/codes, forms, etc., of various Ministries/Departments, Offices of the Central Government and Public Sector Undertakings, Banks, etc. The Bureau has also been entrusted with the responsibility of conducting translation training courses for the officers/employees associated with the translation work. Initially, translation training courses of 3 months were being conducted at the Headquarters in New Delhi. In order to strengthen training facilities and meet regional requirements, Translation Training Centres have been established in Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolkata. Besides, Central Translation Bureau also conducts short-term translation courses for Central Government employees.

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Official Language Award Schemes

Award Schemes
The Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Awards Scheme has been in operation since 1986-87. Shields are given every year to Ministries/Departments, Banks and Financial Institutions, Public Sector Undertakings and Town Official Language Implementation Committees for outstanding achievements in the implementation of the Official Language Policy of the Union. Cash awards are given to the working/retired employees of the Central Government, Banks, Financial Institutions, Universities, Training Institutions and Autonomous Bodies of the Central Government for writing original books in Hindi.

The National Awards Scheme for Original Book writing on Gyan-Vigyan has been renamed as Rajiv Gandhi National Awards Scheme for Original Book Writing in Hindi for promoting writing of books in Hindi on all branches of modern Science/Technology and contemporary subjects. This Scheme is open to all citizens of India.

At Regional level, Regional Official Language Awards are given each year to the Regional/Subordinate Offices, Public Sector Undertakings, Town Official Language Implementation Committees, Banks and Financial Institutions of the Central Government for outstanding achievements in implementing the Official Language Policy of the Union and accelerating the progressive use of Hindi.

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Official Language Committees/Samities

Committees/Samities
A Committee of Parliament on Official Language was constituted in 1976 under section 4 of the Official Languages Act, 1963 to periodically review the progress in the use of Hindi as the Official Language of the Union and to submit a report to the President. The Committee consists of 20 Members of the Lok Sabha and 10 of the Rajya Sabha. The Committee have decided to submit its report in parts. It has so far submitted to the President eight parts of its report. The Presidential Orders on seven parts of its report have been issued and work is in progress on the eighth part.

The Kendriya Hindi Samiti was constituted in the year 1967. It is chaired by the Prime Minister. It is the apex policy making body which lays down the guidelines for the propagation and progressive use of Hindi as Official Language of the Union.

Under the directions of the Kendriya Hindi Samiti, Hindi Salahakar Samitis have been constituted in all Ministries/Departments under the chairmanship of the Ministers concerned. These Samitis periodically review the progress in the use of Hindi in their respective Ministries/Departments and the offices/undertakings and suggest measures to promote the use of Hindi.

Besides, the Central Official Language Implementation Committee [headed by Secretary, Department of Official Language and consisting of Joint Secretaries (In-charge Official Language) of all the Ministries/Departments as ex-officio members] reviews the status of use of Hindi for official purposes of the Union, training of its employees in Hindi and implementation of instructions issued from time to time by the Department of Official Language and suggests measure for removing the shortcomings and difficulties noticed in implementing these instructions.

Town Official Language Implementation Committees are constituted in different towns having ten or more Central Government offices, etc., to review the progress made in the use of Hindi in their member offices and exchange experiences. So far 255 Town Official Language Implementation Committees have been constituted all over the country.

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Official Language policy

Policy
In compliance with the Official Language Resolution, 1968, an Annual Programme is prepared by the Department of Official Language in which targets are set for the offices of the Central Government with regard to originating correspondence, telegrams, telex, etc., in Hindi. A Quarterly Progress Report is called for from the offices of the Central Government regarding achievements vis-à-vis the said targets. An Annual Assessment Report is prepared on the basis of the Quarterly Progress Reports, which is laid on the Tables of both Houses of the Parliament and copies endorsed to State Governments and the Ministries/Departments of the Central Government.

Eight Regional Implementation Offices have been established at Bangalore, Cochin, Mumbai, Kolkata, Guwahati, Bhopal, Delhi and Ghaziabad to monitor the implementation of Official Language Policy of the Union.

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Official Language – Constitutional/Statutory Provisions

Article 343(1) of the Constitution provides that Hindi in Devanagari script shall be the Official Language of the Union. Article 343(2) also provided for continuing the use of English in official work of the Union for a period of 15 years (i.e., up to 25 January 1965) from the date of commencement of the Constitution. Article 343(3) empowered the parliament to provide by law for continued use of English for official purposes even after 25 January 1965. Accordingly, section 3(2) of the Official Languages Act, 1963 (amended in 1967) provides for continuing the use of English in official work even after 25 January 1965. The Act also lays down that both Hindi and English shall compulsorily be used for certain specified purposes such as Resolutions, General Orders, Rules, Notifications, Administrative and other Reports, Press Communiqués; Administrative and other Reports and Official Papers to be laid before a House or the Houses of Parliament; Contracts, Agreements, Licences, Permits, Tender Notices and Forms of Tender, etc.

In 1976, Official Language Rules were framed under the provisions of section 8(1) of the Official Languages Act, 1963. Its salient features are as under:

  • They apply to all Central Government Offices, including any office of a Commission, Committee or Tribunal appointed by the Central Government and Corporation or Company owned or controlled by it;
  • Communications from a Central Government Office to State/Union Territories or to any person in Region “A” comprising the States of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Haryana and UTs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Delhi, shall be in Hindi;
  • Communications from a Central Government Office to States/UTs in Region “B” comprising the States of Punjab, Gujarat, Maharashtra and the Union Territory of Chandigarh, shall ordinarily be in Hindi. However, communication to any person in Region “B” may be either in English or Hindi;
  • Communications from a Central Government Office to a State Government Office in region ‘C’ comprising all other States and UTs not included in region ‘A’ & ‘B’ or to any office (note being a Central Government Office) or person shall be in English;
  • Communications between Central Government Offices and from Central Government Offices to the Offices of the State Governments/Union Territories and individuals, etc., will be in Hindi in such proportions as may be determined from time to time;
  • All Manuals, Codes and other Procedural literature relating to Central Government Offices are required to be prepared both in Hindi and English. All Forms, Headings of Registers, Name Plates, Notice Boards and various items of stationery, etc., are also required to be in Hindi and English;
  • It shall be the responsibility of the officer signing the documents specified in section 3(3) of the Act to ensure that these are issued both in Hindi and English.
  • Shall be the responsibility of the administrative head of each Central Government Office to ensure that the provisions of the Act, the Rules and directions issued under Sub-Rule-2 are properly complied with and to devise suitable and effective check points for this purpose
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Nasa’s deep-space antennas sending hello messages to ‘motionless’ Vikram news

Besides Indian Space Research Organisation’s (Isro’s) last-ditch effort to establish a communication link with Vikram lander that is lying motionless on the lunar surface after a “hard-landing” on September 7 

, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Nasa

) has also sent hello messages to the Indian lander on Moon in order to connect with it.

Through its deep space network ground stations, Nasa’s Jet Propulsion labortary had beamed a radio frequency to Vikram in order to establish a contact with the lander. A source in Nasa told TOI, “Yes, NASA/JPL is trying to contact Vikram through its deep space network (DSN) as contractually agreed with Isro.”

The hope of revival of Vikram is getting slim by the day as even 14 Earth days, when the lander will remain exposed to Sun’s rays, will also get over on September 20-21 and thereafter there would be no hope to energise its solar panel.
Read also: Isro has located lander Vikram and is trying to make contact. But how?

Another astronomer Scott Tilley also confirmed that Nasa’s DSN station in California had beamed the radio frequency to the lander. Tilley, who earned fame for spotting a Nasa spy satellite IMAGE that got lost in 2005, tweeted, “DSN 24 beams 12KW of RF at the Moon in hopes of stimulating Chandrayaan2’s Vikramlander into communicating with home. Here’s a eerie recording of the searcher’s signal reflected off the Moon and back to Earth via EME (Earth Moon Earth) on 2103.7MHz (He attached the recording of the RF signal with his tweet).”

On sending a signal to the lander, Moon acts as a radio reflector and sends back a small portion of that signal that can be detected on Earth after the 8,00,000-km round trip.

To a TOI query, Tilley replied, “DSN 24 has been sending a signal on Vikram Lander’s uplink frequency for the last two days now. I believe other DSN stations have done the same too.”

Nasa’s JPL has DSN ground station in three places —Goldstone, South California (US), Madrid (Spain) and Canberra (Australia). The three stations are located 120 degrees apart on Earth with an aim to ensure that any satellite in deep space is able to communicate with at least one station at all times. Each site contains a minimum of four large antennas – ranging from 26 metre up to 70 metre in diameter – and is capable of providing continuous radio communications with several spacecraft at the same time.

DSN supports Nasa and non-NASA missions that explore the furthest points of our solar system. In fact, Isro had taken the help of NSA’s DSN to track the journey of Chandrayaan-2

integrated module while it was on its way to Moon from Earth’s elliptical orbit.

Why is Nasa showing interest in India’s Chandrayaan-2 mission?

Nasa has been showing a lot of interest in India’s moon mission because of several reasons. First, its “passive payload” laser reflector array was installed on Vikram lander that was meant to track the lander’s exact spot and also calculate the exact distance between Earth and Moon. The distance calculations would have helped Nasa plan its future moon missions better. But after the Vikram had “hard-landed” on Moon, the fate of the Nasa payload, consisting of array of mirrors, is unknown.

Second, Nasa is expecting a lot of significant data from the Chandrayaan-2’s orbiter, which is loaded with eight advanced payloads. It is keenly awaiting for 3D mapping and sharp images of the south pole region of Moon. This is because Nasa has plans to send a manned mission to the south pole by 2024 under its Artemis programme and it wants to enrich its knowledge about that region to plan its mission better.

With China planning to set up a research hub in the south pole of Moon after two or three more lander missions to Moon, the US doesn’t want to stay behind. US President Donald Trump wants Nasa to use the services of private space companies like Elon Musk’s SpaceX

 and Jeff Bezos’s Blue Origin to make the manned mission to Moon a reality again, over 50 years after the famous Apollo-11 mission that helped the US make history by becoming the first country in the world to land on Moon.

Nasa’s current budget is $21.5 billion, and the Trump administration is seeking another $1.6 billion for the current fiscal year to fund its return to Moon.

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Robert Vadra may hamper probe if allowed to travel to Spain, ED tells court news

The Enforcement Directorate told a Delhi court on Thursday that Robert Vadra

, the son-in-law of Congress chief Sonia Gandhi, may hamper the probe if allowed to travel to Spain and other European countries.

The agency made the submissions before Special judge Arvind Kumar while opposing Vadra’s application seeking to travel abroad from September 21 to October 8 for business purposes.

Vadra is facing probe under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA).

The agency told the court that there were likelihood that if allowed to go, the accused may try to influence the witnesses and destroy the evidence in the case.

The application is an attempt to temper the evidence and meet the co-accused, it said.

The ED’s submission was, however, opposed by Vadra’s counsel and senior advocate K T S Tulsi, who said that the agency’s allegations were unfounded and that the accused will return.

The court will pronounce order on Vadra’s plea on Friday.

Vadra had on September 9 moved court seeking permission to travel abroad.

Vadra is facing allegations of money laundering related to purchase of a property in London at 12, Bryanston Square, worth 1.9 million pounds.

The court had in June allowed Vadra to travel to the US and Netherlands for six weeks on account of health reasons.

It, however, had not allowed Vadra to go to the United Kingdom.

The ED had expressed apprehension that the accused may destroy the evidence if allowed to go to the UK.

Vadra was directed on April 1 not to leave the country without prior permission by the local court here which had granted him conditional anticipatory bail.

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Best Free Websites To Find Data Entry Jobs From Home news

You Can’t Get Data Entry Jobs Until Joining These Sites. If you are also a data entry worker or just want to make money from the internet. Then you have just arrived in the right place, because here in this post, we are going to share some best freelancing sites where clients are posting jobs while freelancers are getting paid by performing these jobs.

The internet is full of freelance jobs wanted by clients while freelancers like you are applying for them to get awarded to earn money after completing the project.

Below Are The Websites To Find Data Entry Jobs From Home

From below sites you can find data entry work and earn a huge amount of money. Without using those sites, you cannot make enough money through such jobs because these are the platforms that connect clients and freelancers to deal with each other about their projects.

I have found hundreds of different data entry jobs posted on all of these sites by various clients. So by applying to those you can perform, you have bright chances to get at least one as a starting one.

Fiverr is also a great yet a bit different type of site that I would highly recommend finding clients for you. This is a place for doers – lean entrepreneurs – who don’t stop til they’ve outwitted and outworked everyone else. All you have to create a gig and promote it to get some customers for it.

Visit Website: Click Here

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Man Formal Shirt Photo Suit Editor news

Here on this application, you can attempt different suit on the web and discover which shading or example is ideal for you. Indeed, even you can likewise show signs of improvement result by eradicating the foundations on man photograph suit application.

Give me a chance to reveal to you the motivation behind why this application is such a great amount of significant in everyday life. See we all are so much bustling these days, and we can’t stand to go through hours on the shopping, so it discovers the best possible shading and legitimate plan for you, and you have simply to visit the spot and discover the look like one for you.

You don’t need to pay any charges or there is no shrouded expense to utilize the application, would it say it isn’t stunning?

Highlights of Man Formal Shirt Photo Suit Editor

In the event that you are keen on creator and stylish suit for men however would prefer not to purchase every one of them yet attempt every one of them, at that point you are at opportune spot.

Get this Men photograph suit supervisor on your gadget and discover what it brings to the table. It is a virtual closet that enables you to pick an individual style that improves your character and supplements you. Downloads this man photograph suit editorial manager application and get various and most recent styles in your grasp.

Have a speedy take a gander at the highlights of this application to discover how it can function, what it offers to its clients, and how to alter the picture with man garments, man suit, and others.

1. Latest accumulation

Men Formal Shirt Photo suit application gives a popular, beautiful, and every single most recent plan for the Man suit including however not constrained Classic fit suit, Modern fit suit, Notch Lapel Suit, Shawl lapel, Double breasted suit, No vent and formal suit.

2. Crop

In this application, first, take a selfie or pick a photograph from the display. What’s more, from that point forward, you can edit all the unwanted porting that it not required in the photograph with the yield highlight. The yield highlight has different capacities.

3. Background Eraser

Truly, presently this is one of the significant highlights. This photograph editorial manager application accompanies the Background Eraser to expel all superfluous bit from the photograph. It has four choice zoom, fix, eradicate, and auto.

4. Cut-Paste

In your photograph, you can undoubtedly cut the undesirable foundation from the picture. This, yet you can glue also.